Arthroscopy surgery is a procedure that a doctor makes use of in analyzing, diagnosing, and treating whatever issues that are noticed in the joint. If it is noticed that there is an inflammation in your knee, an Arthroscopy of the knee is done. If it is seen that the hip joint has an issue, Arthroscopy of the hip is done. What of if it is noticed that the shoulders have a problem? Arthroscopy of the shoulders is done. If the doctor that a joint is suffering from an injury, then Arthroscopic surgery is done. Arthroscopic surgery can be done on any joint, though it is done a lot on the knee, hip, waist, ankle, elbow or the shoulder.

What Happens During the Arthroscopic Surgery?

Usually, the doctor carries out the Arthroscopy of the knee or the Arthroscopy of the hip in either an outpatient facility or a hospital if it is noticed that the joint has to be rectified.

What this means is that after the Arthroscopic Surgery, you are good to go home. One can’t call it a very serious surgery that needs days of recuperating in the hospital and being put under watch.

That same day after the surgery is done, the patient can take a walk home.

Before the Arthroscopic Surgery is done, the patient is usually placed to sleep by anesthesia. The kind used is dependent on the joint that will be worked on, and what the issue may be. The one that he may give you for a serious case may not be the kind he will give you for a serious one.

To ensure you sleep throughout the surgery, the doctor may decide to give your general anesthesia. The doctor may decide to inject you via the spine. He can take it up a notch by only numbing the area of your body that he will work in during the Arthroscopic Surgery. If he is working on the knee, he can decide to knock you out totally with general anesthesia, or merely numb the knee in order to carry out the Arthroscopy of the knee.

To carry out the surgery, the doctor usually placed a thin-like instrument via a tiny incision. The incision is usually as small as that of a buttonhole. The doctor makes use of Arthroscope, a tool that possesses a light and camera lens. This allows him to see how the joint looks like. The camera then shows the joint’s image on the screen that is visible to the doctor.

The joint is pumped full with sterile fluid in a bid to allow it widen so that the doctor can easily see it.

The surgeon looks at the appearance of the joint, finds out what the problem is and determine the kind of surgery that will be used to correct it.

If it is noticed that surgery is needed on the joint, the surgeon puts special tools via portals. Portals are other tiny incisions that are made to allow the tools to gain entrance. He uses the tools to grasp, shave, cut, and even hold the stitches made on the bone.

If it is seen that an open or traditional surgery can fix the issue, then the surgeon can decide to carry it out there and then, while the Arthroscopic Surgery is ongoing.

Once the surgery is done, the surgeon tries to close up the wound using special stitches and tape.

Knee Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy of the knee is a procedure that is done to give the surgeon a view of how the joint in the knee looks like without bothering to create a large cut via the skin, as well as other soft tissues.

Arthroscopic Surgery, when done on the knee, is used to find out what the problem could be and treat them.

Out of every Arthroscopic Surgery, the Arthroscopic Surgery of the knee is a very common one.

The Arthroscopy of the knee is similar to the Arthroscopic Surgery discussed earlier. What the surgeon does is to put a tiny camera in the tiny incision made to see how the inside of the knee joint looks like. The camera goes on to show the images from the knee joint down to the screen. With the images seen, the surgeon guides the tiny surgical instruments that will be used.

Instead of a big incision to be made to carry out a traditional surgery, the miniature camera and surgical instruments are used to treat it. Arthroscopic Surgery offers very little pain than the one experienced in traditional surgery that involves a larger incision. This could reduce the chances of a patient suffering from pain, and joint stiffness. It also helps to reduce recovery time. After the Arthroscopy of the knee, the patient can go home that day and carry out favorite activities.

When Knee Arthroscopy is Recommended

Usually, a doctor may advise that Arthroscopy of the knee be done when it is noticed that you have a painful ailment that has refused to respond to treatments that are nonsurgical

Some of the nonsurgical treatments used in treating knee related ailments are injections or medications, physical therapy and rest. They can work on inflammation, but once they do not work, the next line of action is Arthroscopic Surgery.

Knee arthroscopy is known to alleviate those painful signs of knee issues that hurt soft tissues that surround the knee joint like cartilage surfaces.

Some of the Arthroscopy of the knee procedures are:

Having the torn meniscus repaired or removed. If it is noticed that the meniscus is torn, it is either removed or repaired

Reconstructing the torn anterior cruciate ligament. If it is noticed that the anterior cruciate ligament is torn, Arthroscopy of the knee can help to reconstruct it.

Removing the inflamed synovial tissue

Once the surgeon notices that the synovial tissue is inflamed, it can use the Arthroscopic Surgery to remove it.

What of the trimming of the destroyed articular cartilage? If your doctor notices that your articular cartilage is damaged, he may decide to use Arthroscopy of the knee is trim it.

Removing the cartilage or bone’s loose fragments

The surgeon tries to use Arthroscopy of the knee to remove those loose fragments of the cartilage or bone in the knee joint.

Treating the kneecap

Once the patella or kneecap has issues, the Arthroscopic Surgery can be used to treat it.

Treatment of knee sepsis

If the knee has an infection, and it is noticed, Arthroscopy surgery is used to treat it.

The same way Arthroscopy of the knee is used to treat knee issues is the same way Arthroscopy of the hip is used to treat the hip related issue, and the Arthroscopy of the shoulder is used to treat shoulder issues.

Recovering From Arthroscopic Surgery

Once the Arthroscopic Surgery is over, you may notice pain in the joint that was operated on. If the surgery was done on the shoulder, you will notice some pain there and so on.

Usually, what the doctor does is to prescribe pain relievers to help you deal with the pain. Sometimes, the pain may not be so great, and in other cases, it may be. The doctor may decide to prescribe drugs like aspirin to prevent blood clots from developing.

Usually, after the Arthroscopic Surgery, the patient can go home that same day. There is hardly any need for one to stay back at the hospital for continuous examination.

To walk well, the patient may make use of a splint, crutches, or an along to support the joint as it recovers.

The joint pain seen after an Arthroscopy of knee or hip may not be as much as the one seen if an open and traditional surgery was done. The same thing can be said of stiffness. Joint stiffness is not as much as the one that would have been seen if a traditional and open surgery had been done. Usually, the recovery time for an Arthroscopic Surgery is lesser than the one for traditional and open surgery.

All that you will see after the Arthroscopy  surgery

After the surgery, what you will see are those tiny wounds that allowed the Arthroscopic instruments to gain entrance into the body. Usually, twenty-four hours after the Arthroscopic Surgery, you can easily remove the bandages that were placed there immediately after the surgery. Once you remove the bandages, cover the puncture wounds with small strips. Don’t leave them open to avoid infection.

After a week or so, you will go back to the doctor to remove the non-dissolvable stitches. As the wounds are healing, it is important that you leave the sites of the wounds very dry. When you want to shower, it is advisable that you cover the sites with a plastic bag.

The doctor will list those activities that shouldn’t be done while at home. After some Arthroscopic Surgery, people have been known to go back to school or even work in less than a week.

For the joint to recover fully, it usually takes some weeks. Sometimes, it may take a few months before your joint can be good as new.

Rehabilitation or specific exercises

When a person is recovering, he or she can decide to increase the recovery time by carrying out special exercises. Ask your doctor about the exercises that are great for you. Some should be avoided and others should be done. Opt for only the ones recommended by the doctor to prevent any complication.

When to Call the Doctor

Arthroscopic Surgery rarely ever has complications, meaning that they are not common. This means that there is a great chance that the Arthroscopic Surgery will go on smoothly. Usually, the probability of a complication occurring is lesser than one in a hundred cases. If you ever get complications from the Arthroscopic Surgery, they are usually blood clots, infection, great swelling or bleeding, and destruction of the nerves or blood vessels. It rarely ever happens, but there is a probability of the instruments breaking when a surgery is being done.

If you should see any of these signs, it is wise that you contact your doctor immediately.

Fever

If you notice that after the surgery, your temperature is high, and you are running a fever, it is only wise that you contact your doctor.

Intense Pain

If the pain becomes worse and the pain reliever can’t do anything, immediately go and see your doctor.

Severe swelling

Has that joint swollen? Look at your knee joint, is it swollen? If yes, then you should report to your doctor. If you did Arthroscopic Surgery on your hip, and it became swollen, you should consider going to see your doctor.

Numbness or tingling

Is that joint numb? Can you notice some tingling? It is only wise that you contact your doctor. If you can’t feel the knee, if you did an Arthroscopy of the knee, you should go and see the doctor. If you can’t feel your hip, you should consider seeing your doctor. Do not think it is normal. Do you notice tingling sensation when you touch your shoulder that an Arthroscopy was done on, you should consider seeing a doctor. It is not normal.

Discolored or smelly fluid seeping from the wound

Look at the wound, can you see fluid coming out from it? If yes, you should rush back to see the doctor. Does the wound smell? What of the fluid that it is bringing out? Does it smell? You really need to see a doctor.