What is a Cavity?

Tooth decay or cavity involves the softening of the enamel of the teeth. It can also mean the damage of the tooth structure, as a result of acids that are manufacturers as the bacteria that cause plaque breaks down sugar in the mouth.

Since the enamel loses part of its mineral, a hole in the tooth or cavity occurs. If the treatment is not done on time, the tiny holes may expand, as time goes on. It could even go on to destroy the entire tooth.

The plaque is known to sometimes degenerate to the extent that it chops off the dentin, the next layer of the tooth. This could then degenerate to the root cavity.

When this occurs, the nerves that are situated in the teeth tend to be exposed, which make you feel intense pain when you make use of your teeth. If you drink a beverage, there is strong pain. If you eat, there is strong pain.

Cavities and Tooth Decay

Cavities and Tooth Decay Stages

Once you notice pain in your teeth’s root, there is a great chance that you are suffering from a kind of tooth decay. Try and consult a dentist for help.

To help improve your general wellness and health, you should consider taking care of them well. Whatever you do, you should try your possible best to avoid a dental cavity.

The dental cavity is common after we math of tooth decay, and this usually means that the person has poor oral hygiene and health.

Causes of Cavities and Tooth Decay

A lot of things can cause cavities and tooth decay, but the major one is poor oral hygiene and health. Before cavities are formed, there is a myriad of steps that must be followed. It usually involves losing the tooth mineral and ends up in it eating into the tooth until a cavity is caused.

Tooth decay usually happens when carbohydrates foods or those foods that contain sugar are caught in the teeth. Instead of being removed by thoroughly brushing the teeth or flossing, they remain there.

Foods that usually lead to tooth decay are beverages, sticky foods, as well as sugary ones. If you consume a lot of sugar, there is a great chance that more acid will be manufactured, which means that the probability of your teeth decaying is high.

The sugar is known to combine with the plaque in a bid to have the enamel weakened, which makes the teeth vulnerable to decay.

It is important to know that every time you consume sugary snack, the probability of your teeth decaying from acids increases. Once you know what causes tooth decay, it is quite easy then to know how to properly take care of your teeth, and overall health.

Below are factors that lead to tooth decay and cavity

Poor Oral Hygiene: 

If you are someone that doesn’t fancy brushing regularly, you may be at risk of suffering from plaque buildup, which tends to destroy the enamel of your teeth. It is quite common to see those that do not brush or floss regularly, suffering from tooth decay and cavity. This is usually seen in kids that have poor oral hygiene.

Plaque Formation: 

Plaque can be formed when acid, bacteria, saliva and food particles all mix in the mouth. The plaque formed are known to be gum the teeth, and increase as time goes on.

The acid that is formed with the plaque destroys the tooth’s enamel over time, and before you know it, you are suffering from holes in your teeth or cavities.

Dry Mouth: 

The saliva does a lot of things in the mouth, and one of them is washing off the plaque from the teeth. When you are someone that has dry mouth and produce little saliva, the plaque will easily build up because it can’t be washed off.

Eating and Drinking:

This is usually the genesis of tooth decay and cavities. Since every human must eat and drink, there is very little that can be done about this. Eating and drinking go a long way to lead to the creation of cavities.

When you drink or eat, carbohydrates are known to stay back on the teeth until you floss or brush. Sometimes, after you brush, you may still see some food particles or carbohydrates on the teeth.

Those foods that are still holding onto your teeth are known to lead to tooth cavity. Try to brush your teeth well and regularly. If you can try, brush immediately after finding by dry cereal, dried fruit, caramel, hard candy, taffy, sugary cereals, raisins and any sugary food or drink.

Bacteria and Acid:  

A lot of persons hate to hear this, but the truth remains that bacteria inhabit in our mouths. That’s the blunt truth.

If the bacteria in your mouth digest the sugar that is still in your mouth and teeth, acid is created. The acid tries to eat its way through the teeth.

Medical Problems: 

Some medical problems can lead to the acid in your tummy moving up to your mouth. Once this occurs, the tooth cavity and decay will occur. Bulimia is known to help to heighten the chance of tooth cavity developing because the teeth regularly are exposed to stomach acid. If you vomit a lot, there is a great chance that the acid in your tummy will find its way to the mouth and destroy the teeth.

There are some kinds of cancer treatments that can lead to a tooth cavity because the neck and head are exposed to a level of radiation. The radiation may change the chemical content of the saliva, which then encourages intense bacterial growth.

Signs and Symptoms of Tooth Decay and Cavities

Once the tooth decays, you will start to notice some symptoms. While brushing and you see any of these signs, you should consider contacting your dentist immediately.

Immediately the earlier signs of cavities have been seen, it is quite easy to do treatments that can help put the cavities in check.

Cavities and Tooth decay Pain:

If you notice pain in your tooth, there is a great chance that you have a tooth cavity. This is a common symptom, as there are very few persons that do not notice pain when they have a cavity.

Cavities and Tooth decay Pressure:

If you notice that you have intense pain, as well as tooth sensitivity when you drink a beverage or eat something, then there is a great chance that you have a tooth cavity.

Cavities and Tooth decay Pits:

One symptom that you may see is a visible pit or hole in that affected tooth. Sometimes, you may see the hole yourself, and other times, you may notice that hole in the dental x-ray.

Cavities and Tooth decay Pus:

A very serious symptom of a cavity that you may notice is pus surrounding the tooth. At this stage, it is a very serious case, and you shouldn’t waste time going to see a doctor.

There are some other signs that one may notice like a sensitive tooth, especially when you consume hot or cold drinks or foods. These symptoms listed above are usually linked to advanced kind of tooth decay.

How to Prevent Tooth Decay and Cavities

When it comes to tooth decay and cavity, it is only right to say that prevention is better than treating the cavity. There are things that can be done to help prevent tooth decay, damage and cavity.

If you want to prevent dental cavity, the first thing that you should do is to run a comprehensive oral hygiene routine.

This usually seems stressful at first, but after a while, it becomes easier. The benefits that come from having a healthy mouth and smile will leave you satisfied. Why are you yet to embrace good oral hygiene if you don’t do it?

There may be a lot of options that are available to make your oral hygiene become up to par, but we will discuss the basic ones that you should make use of.

While you go to that drug store, you should consider taking a list of the following things to aid your oral hygiene and health.


There is hardly a person that doesn’t know that a toothbrush is handy for someone that has the intention of improving his or her oral hygiene. A lot of persons do not know that the types of toothbrush they use matter.

Currently, there are a lot of toothbrushes available in the market, but the one that you should opt for should be able to reach every area of your teeth.

It is wise to get a toothbrush that has a textured tongue cleaner because millions of bacteria that lead to decay usually inhabit on the tongue. While using your toothbrush, never forget to brush the tongue.

It won’t be a bad idea to opt for specialized toothbrushes that have bristles that are created to get to hard-to-reach places, and even stimulate the gums.


The toothpaste goes hand-in-hand with the toothbrush. This is a very important aspect of the oral routine, as it helps to prevent the development of tooth decay and cavity. There are a lot of options available in the market, but a lot of dentists would advise that you opt for a product that has been approved by the American Dental Association.

Dental Floss: 

Getting a dental floss will do you a lot of good, as flossing is known to come with its benefits. Flossing helps to strip the teeth of food particles, hence preventing dental cavities and decay.

Make use of a great floss to teach those tight spaces that toothbrush can’t get to.


Getting a mouthwash is also an important aspect of your daily routine. This leaves your mouth feeling very neat while making the breath fresh. It also kills off those bacteria that lead to gingivitis and plaque. A lot of persons don’t fancy making use of mouthwash that has alcohol since it burns.

Establish an Oral Hygiene Routine

There a lot of things that you can do to help improve your teeth and mouth hygiene, and prevent teeth decay and cavities. When you take good care of the teeth, it can help you to reduce the probability of tooth cavities and decay.

Brush regularly:

Though a lot of doctors would advise that you brush two times daily, but it won’t be a bad idea if you brush more than that. A great way to prevent the development of plaque is to try and brush after consuming a meal or sugary drink. This is one rule that can help you a lot.

Reduce how you consume sugary drinks and foods

If you are a lover of sugary drinks and foods, you may have a high probability of having your tooth decay. Reduce the number of sugary foods and drinks that you consume. Once you take sugar a lot and don’t wash them off, it can lead to plaque forming a lot. Once plaque forms, it can lead to tooth decay and cavity. Try and brush your teeth regularly after eating the sugary meal or drinks to prevent the formation of plaque and cavity.

Floss and rinse regularly.

If you have not formed the habit of flossing and rinsing regularly, please do, as it helps to prevent plaque formation.